Iran’s judiciary has banned Mehdi Hajati from his seat at the Shiraz City Council because he tried to secure the release of two fellow citizens who were arrested for their Baha’i faith.
“Based on a ruling … approved by Branch 1 of the Revolutionary Court, Mr. Hajati has been put under judicial surveillance for six months and banned from any activities in the Shiraz City Council,” the state-funded Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA) quoted a statement from the council’s public relations office on October 28, 2018.
The IRNA report added that Hajati had been “absent” from council sessions since he was arrested on September 27 and accused of defending the “false Baha’i faith.” Hajati was arrested two days after he tweeted about his efforts to free the Baha’i detainees.
It is very rare for an Iranian official to publicly express concern for a member of the Baha’i faith, a severely persecuted religious minority in Iran.
Iran’s Constitution does not recognize the faith as an official religion. Although Article 23 states “no one may be molested or taken to task simply for holding a certain belief,” Baha’is are harshly prosecuted for participating in peaceful activism and denied many basic rights including higher education.
“In the past 10 days, I have knocked on every door to try to free two of my Baha’i friends from detention without any success,” Hajati tweeted on September 25. “As long as we are facing foreign enemies, our generation has a responsibility to make an effort to correct judicial or other actions that undermine social justice.”
He was arrested two days later.
Hajati, 39, was released from detention after 10 days on bail set at 200 million tomans ($47,500 USD), according to IRNA
Hajati was trying to gain the release of Navid Bazrgan and Bahareh Ghaderi, who were arrested one the same day as four other Baha’is in Shiraz in mid-September.
Bazrgan is currently free on bail, a source with knowledge about the case told the Center for Human Rights in Iran (CHRI). Ghaderi was not freed at the same time as Bazrgan but the source was unable to confirm whether she remains in prison.
The source was also unable to confirm the status of the other detainees, Sodabeh Haghighat Allah, Samezadeh (first name unknown), Nora Moradian and Ehsan Mahboub-Rahvafa.
What is known is that by banning him from the Shiraz City Council and putting him on “surveillance” for the next six months, Iranian authorities are trying to intimidate Hajati into never bringing attention to the persecution of Baha’is in Iran again. For now, he is on a sort of probation while the authorities assess him.
“As far as I know, the chairman of the Shiraz City Council [Ahmadreza Dastgheib] has said that Hajati is no longer allowed to attend council meetings,” said Ali Khorrami, the chairman of the Fars Provincial Council.
“The chairman of the Shiraz City Council should not make any hasty decisions regarding Hajati’s presence in the council before the court’s final ruling,” he added.
Some council members who came to Hajati’s defense have also received warnings, according to Nozar Emami, one of the 10 members (of the 13-member council) who called for Hajati’s release.
“I and another member of the council, Abdolrazzagh Mousavi, addressed the council and said not enough had been done regarding Hajati’s case and when we followed up on his situation, we received a warning that we were being disruptive and had no right to interfere,” Emami told IRNA.
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Human Rights Activists News Agency (HRANA) – On the morning of Wednesday, October 31st, Baha’i Sanandaj resident Zabihollah Raoufi, age 69, went to Sanandaj Prison to begin his one-year prison sentence.
In July, Branch 4 of Sanandaj Appeals court — for the charge of “propaganda against the regime” — sentenced Raoufi to one year in prison and one year of exile to Minab County, Hormozgan Province.
An informed source told HRANA that Raoufi was escorted to prison this morning by an entourage of his loved ones.
Raoufi’s wife Parvaneh Rahmani faces one year in prison on the same charge. Her case is currently under review in Kurdistan Province Appeals Court.
On September 8, 2015, Raoufi was arrested in his home by security forces and released on a bail of 300 million Rials [approximately $2,000 USD] six days later. He was also detained in 2009 and sentenced to a year in prison, again on charges of propaganda against the regime. This sentence was appealed to a six-month term of exile to Tuyserkan, Hamedan Province.
Iranian Baha’i citizens are systematically deprived of religious freedoms, while according to Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, everyone is entitled to freedom of religion and belief, and the right to adopt and manifest the religion of their choice, be it individually, in groups, in public, or in private.
Based on unofficial sources, more than 300,000 Baha’is live in Iran. Iran’s constitution, however, recognizes only Islam, Christianity, Judaism, and Zoroastrianism, and does not acknowledge the Baha’i faith as an official religion. Consequently, the rights of Baha’is are systematically violated in Iran.
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